Home-Based Religious Education Guidelines
A time-honored tradition within the Catholic Church is the “handing on” of the faith in the home by the example and instruction of parents to their children. Catholic schools and parish schools of religion came into existence to assist families in their responsibility for the education of their children. Some parents, however, choose neither Catholic schools nor parish schools of religion, and thus provide religious instruction and sacramental preparation at home.
Through the years, the Church has always called parents to be the “primary educators” of their children. In his 1994 “Letter to Families,” Pope St. John Paul II wrote: “Parents are the first and most important educators of their own children, and they also possess a fundamental competence in this area; they are educators because they are parent” (16).
The Second Vatican Council in its “Declaration on Christian Education” (5) also affirmed the “primary and inalienable right and duty” of parents to educate their children. In the “Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World” the council fathers go on to say: “By their very nature the institution of matrimony itself and conjugal love are ordained for the procreation and education of children . . . Graced with the dignity and office of fatherhood and motherhood, parents will energetically acquit themselves of a duty which devolves primarily on them; namely, education and especially religious education (48).
The Catechism of the Catholic Church says that parents have the first responsibility for the education of their children: “They bear witness to this responsibility first by creating a home where tenderness, forgiveness, respect, fidelity, and . . . service are the rule. The home is well suited for education in the virtues.” (2223). Furthermore, the blessing of fathers from the Rite of Baptism states, “God is the giver of all life, human and divine. May he bless the father of this child. He and his wife will be the first teachers of their child in the ways of faith. May they be also the best of teachers, bearing witness to the faith by what they say and do, in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
Catholic home educators have taken these teachings literally and have taken them to heart. They have responded with their time, attention, and love, giving their days over to the personal care and tutoring of their children. Yet they do not labor alone. Catechesis is the work of the whole Church, and the members have different responsibilities (cf. “Catechesi Tradendae” 16). Parents are their children’s primary educators, but not their only educators.
The Church calls herself mother and teacher. As teacher, the Church is the guarantor of the soundness of Christian doctrine whenever that doctrine is conveyed. Pope John Paul II urged bishops to “let the concern to foster active and effective catechesis yield to no other care whatever in any way (“Catechesi Tradendae” 63). He directed bishops to take
on the “chief management of catechesis,” while at the same time surrounding themselves with competent and trustworthy assistants. A bishop serves all catechists, whether in the school, the parish, or the home, by offering them clear Catholic doctrine and ensuring
the soundness of their teaching.
In this service, pastors, according to Pope John Paul II, are “the immediate assistants” of their bishops and are urged to “neglect nothing with a view to a well-organized and well- oriented catechetical effort” (Ibid., 64). Because of this charge, pastors have the chief responsibility for fostering, guiding, and coordinating catechesis. Canon 777 clearly states:
“In accord with the norms established by the diocesan bishop, the pastor is to make particular provision:
Therefore, all engaged in the catechetical ministry are obligated to fulfill their duties in cooperation with the bishop and pastor in this single commission to educate in Christ’s name (Canon 774, 776).
GUIDELINES FOR PARENTS
GUIDELINES FOR PASTORS and CATECHETICAL LEADERS
Introduction: The emergence of home-schooling calls forth new approaches from those in catechetical leadership in recognizing this area in education so that the parents and their children will feel welcome, wanted and included in all pastoral and sacramental activities and ministries of the parish.
Approved: March 6, 2015
The Most Reverend Edward K. Braxton
Bishop of Belleville